With Simon Breheny, Morgan Begg, Andrew Bushnell, and Sebastian Reinehr
Executive Summary: Research conducted by the Institute of Public Affairs demonstrates that section 18C of the Racial Discrimination Act 1975 must be repealed to protect freedom of speech in Australia. Part A of this report comprehensively outlines the case for the full repeal of section 18C, and the reasons why alternative proposals for reform fail to stand up to scrutiny. The key arguments of this report are that section 18C:
- Is a restriction on the human right to freedom of speech and an attack on human dignity;
- Undermines democracy
- Is inconsistent with a peaceful and cohesive society
- Punishes defendants through an unfair process
- Is partially redundant
- Undermines attempts to combat racism
- Is unconstitutional.
The report rejects the following proposed compromises as inadequate:
- Removing ‘offend’ and ‘insult’ from section 18C;
- Replacing ‘offend’ and insult’ with functionally similar language;
- Reforming the process for hearing section 18C or the Australian Human Rights Commission.
None of these reforms will address all of the problems created by section 18C. We conclude that section 18C must be repealed in full, along with the associated provisions in Part IIA of the Racial Discrimination Act 1975. Part B of this report outlines the history of section 18C and how it has been interpreted. This information forms the basis for the argumentation in Part A.